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Health Disparities

“Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health is the most shocking and inhuman.”
– Martin Luther King, Jr.


The Inclusion, Diversity, Equity, and Allyship (IDEA) Initiative was established to address systemic racism and the resulting health disparities. Through this Initiative, the AC Forum will work to increase awareness and promote diversity in our leadership, membership, and programming. We hope our members will engage in this initiative to re-evaluate their current practice, reduce health inequities, and improve the quality of care for all patients.

Listen as our IDEA Initiative Committee members discuss the importance of this topic and relevance to every AC Forum member.

Learn More & Get Involved


  • Engage in active anti-racist efforts that will create meaningful change
  • Be intentional about diversity in AC Forum leadership, membership, and programming
  • Expand access to opportunities for clinicians from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups employed in anticoagulation and related fields
  • Increase awareness of structural racism and its impacts on health inequities/disparities


April Allen (Co-Chair), PharmD, CACP
Julia Bayadinova, NP, MN
Rebecca Cope, PharmD, MPH, BCACP
Stacy Ellsworth, RN, MSN, CCRC
Danielle Jenkins, RN, BSN
Michael Jones, PharmD, BCACP, CACP
Julia Mulheman, PharmD
Surabhi Palkimas, PharmD, MBA
Noelle Ryan, PharmD
Naomi Yates, PharmD, BCACP
MaryJo Zunic, PharmD, MHA

Understanding Health Disparities

Understanding the Social Determinants of Health

Social Determinants of Health are conditions found in the environments where we are born, learn, play, work, and age that affect our health and overall quality of life. Understanding these conditions and how they impact patients is a vital part of patient care. Watch the video to learn more about how understanding the Social Determinants of Health can help providers achieve optimal health outcomes.

Faculty: April Allen, PharmD, CACP | Danielle Jenkins, MBA, BSN, RN, CRNI | Kimberly Terry, PharmD, MS, BCPS, BCCP | Paul Walker, PharmD, FASHP

This project was sponsored by an Independent Medical Education Grant from BMS/Pfizer. Content was developed independently by the Anticoagulation Forum.

Video: Could I Have Stopped a Stroke?
Learn how health disparities impact a patients access to quality health care and anticoagulation therapy.

Rapid Resource: Social Determinants of Health & Patient Care
This resource provides a brief overview the social determinants of health and highlights actions practitioners can incorporate into their practice to address health disparities.


The IDEA Initiative has developed a webinar series to highlight the critical topic of structural racism and health disparities. The series aims to address disparities and implementing change in your practice.

A Policy Prescription for Reducing Health Disparities— Achieving Pharmacoequity

September 7, 2023
Utibe R. Essien, MD, MPH, Noelle Ryan, PharmD, Arthur Allen, PharmD, CACP, Naomi Yates, PharmD, BCACP

Under-prescribing of Oral Anticoagulation and Associated Outcomes for Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: A Call to Action

February 28, 2023
Julia Mulheman, PharmD; Naomi Yates, PharmD, BCACP; Sara Vazquez, PharmD, BCPS, CACP

Health Disparities in PAD: What to Know as an Anticoagulation Provider

September 21, 2022
Foluso Fakorede, MD and Surabhi Palkimas, PharmD

Could I Have Prevented a Stroke? Understanding the Social Determinants of Health

December 16, 2021
April Allen, PharmD, CACP; Danielle Jenkins, RN, BSN; Julia Mulheman, PharmD; Sara Vazquez, PharmD, BCPS, CACP; Terri Wiggins, MS

Addressing Health Disparities in Your Practice

October 28, 2021
Kimberly Terry, PharmD, BCPS, BCCCP

Call to Action: Structural Racism as a Fundamental Driver of Health Disparities: A Presidential Advisory from the American Heart Association

March 18, 2021
Tracy Minichiello, MD | Eduardo Sanchez, MD, MHP, FAAFP | Anjail Z. Sharrief, MD, MPH, FAHA | Paul Walker, PharmD | Terri Wiggins, MS | Sara Vazquez, PharmD, BCPS, CACP


The AC Forum IDEA Initiative is pleased to offer scholarships to support the ongoing education of clinicians from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups.

Scholarships are available for both our annual Boot Camp and bi-annual National Conference and will be awarded to candidates who best illustrate the desire to further their professional knowledge in the field of antithrombotic therapy.

Anticoagulation Boot Camp

As an organization, the AC Forum is working to increase awareness and promote diversity in our leadership, membership, and programming. As part of this initiative, we are pleased to offer scholarships to Boot Camp to support the ongoing education of clinicians from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups.

Our Boot Camp Scholarship Application process is now closed.

Terri Schnurr Memorial Nursing Scholarship

Terri Schnurr, RN, CCRC was a dedicated member of the Anticoagulation Forum family for over 10 years. During that time, she served on the Board of Directors, Advisory Council, and was a founding member of the Inclusion, Diversity, Equity, and Allyship (IDEA) Initiative.

Terri was a registered nurse and played a pivotal role in the foundation of thrombosis research at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. Terri’s enthusiasm for research was evident in her dedication to study recruitment, coordination, and patient education.

A kind and gentle soul, Terri was always ready and willing to help when needed, and eager to contribute to AC Forum DEI initiatives. The Terri Schnurr Memorial Nursing Scholarship will continue Terri’s legacy of giving, caring, and learning. Offered each year to a nurse from an underrepresented racial or ethnic group, the scholarship will provide complimentary registration and $1,000 travel stipend to an AC Forum affiliated event i.e., National Conference, Boot Camp, or THSNA.


  • Complimentary Registration to an AC Forum-affiliated event:
  • Boot Camp
  • National Conference (Odd Years)
  • THSNA (Even Years)
  • $1,000 Travel Stipend to cover transportation and lodging


  • Nurse, nurse practitioner, or nursing student who is from an underrepresented racial or ethnic group and works in the field of antithrombotic therapy
  • Preference will be given to nurse researchers who demonstrate outstanding dedication to research and exemplary patient care

Applications for the 2025 AC Forum National Conference coming fall 2024!

If you would like to donate to the Terri Schnurr Memorial Nursing Scholarship,
please make checks payable to:

Terri Schnurr Memorial Fund
c/o Anticoagulation Forum
17 Lincoln Street, Ste 2B
Newton, MA 02461


The Anticoagulation Forum Literature Update includes citations identified from PubMed and selected by our Centers of Excellence team based on their utility for anticoagulation practitioners. This list is updated twice a month so you have the most up-to-date info. BROWSE/FILTER BY DATE or by TOPIC, including Inclusion, Diversity, Equity, and Allyship, and find relevant resources.